Volume 43 | Issue 1| Fall 2014
Table Of Contents
Hofstra Law Review Alumni Issue
Starting a business is a significant undertaking. Entrepreneurs often work grueling, around-the-clock hours in high-pressure environments for the opportunity to be one of the rare successful businesses that survive the first few tumultuous years. Recently, the impetus behind entrepreneurship has been a shot at quick and tremendous success, as exemplified by companies like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Rovio, and Zynga.
Within the U.S. policy discourse, it has long been taken for granted that the body of human rights law does not—and should not—include economic rights, which include the right to adequate food, shelter, and health care. This is an irony of history, since the origins of modern-day economic rights law lie in the policies advocated by the U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. This Note argues that (1) the common justifications for neglecting economic rights are not sound; (2) there is a pressing need to recognize economic rights in the United States; and (3) the best way to do so is to ratify and implement the International Covenant for Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, or ICESCR. This Note illustrates how this can be successfully accomplished through a blueprint for enforcing one right from the Covenant—the right to adequate food—in the United States. By restoring Roosevelt’s vision through the ICESCR, the U.S. government will strengthen its moral stance on the world stage and help secure the integrity of Americans’ human rights.
The Three Laws of Robotics (“Three Laws”) are an elegant set of hierarchical rules that ethically and physically govern Isaac Asimov’s science fiction robots. The Three Laws are programmatically embedded in the robots’ “positronic brains,” and control their behavior and reasoning primarily to safeguard the human beings they were built to serve. The Three Laws—successful in fiction for their simplicity, novelty, and literary purposes—are ill suited for the contemporary military reality, and are generally regarded as an inadequate basis for machine ethics.