The purpose of research should be to generate new knowledge that has potential to benefit society. Thus, there will be many views of what constitutes a benefit. A scientist would probably be satisfied with the discovery of a new bit of information that helped explain something. That “something” may be perceived by existing science as insignificant, in the same way the formula for relativity was once thought to be insignificant. Of course, this formula led to the scientific understanding of atomic energy. A benefit of research to a patient might be a cure for a fatal disease or a pill that treats a disease but has fewer side effects. A drug company may look at research as that which leads to any new information allowing for increased sales and greater profit for the company and its stockholders.